The frequency at which many Nigerians drop dead nowadays is alarming (Obokoh, 2020), many of us have heard stories about people who slumped and died unexpectedly. Although cardiac arrest-related deaths are not rare in Nigeria, cardiologists are concerned that they are more common than previously recognized.
A person is in cardiac arrest when their heart stops beating. The heart cannot pump blood to the rest of the body (e.g. the brain and lungs) and without treatment, death might occur in minutes.
Currently, about 9 out of 10 patients who experience a cardiac arrest outside of a hospital die (American Heart Association, 2018). Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), can help boost those odds and double or triple a person’s chances of survival if performed within the first few minutes following cardiac arrest.
CPR mimics the heart’s pumping action through chest compressions which aid in the circulation of blood throughout the body.
Image: How to perform CPR (MedicalNewsToday, 2020)
- Have you ever performed CPR before? If yes, tell us about your experience
- Would you provide CPR to a person experiencing cardiac arrest? If no, why not?
- What do you believe is the primary reason that many people do not perform CPR in the event of a medical emergency? and what can be done to encourage them to do it?